1．春节：the Spring Festival
2．元宵节：the Lantern Festival
3．重阳节：the DoubleNinth Festival/the Chongyang Festival
4．清明节：Tomb Sweeping Day/the Qingming Festival
5．中秋节：the MidAutumn Festival
6．除夕：Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival
7．端午节：the Dragon Boat Festival/the Duanwu Festival
1．丝绸之路：the Silk Road
6．对联：(the Spring Festival) couplets
9．二十四节气：the 24 Solar Terms
11．文房四宝(笔墨纸砚)：“The Four Treasures of the Study” “Brush, Ink stick, Paper, and Inkstone”
13．中药：Chinese traditional medicine
16．唐三彩：Tricolor Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/the
Tang Tricolored pottery
20．甲骨文：Oracle Bone Inscriptions
22．中庸：The Way of Medium
2．元宵：tangyuan/sweet rice dumpling (soup)
6．北京烤鸭：Beijing roast duck
8．八宝饭：eighttreasure rice pudding
1．《诗经》：Book of Poetry
2．《史记》：Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian
3．《红楼梦》：A Dream in Red Mansions
4．《西游记》：Journey to the West
5．京剧：Beijing Opera/Peking Opera
12．武术：Wushu/Chinese Martial Arts
16．《本草纲目》：Compendium of Materia Medica
1．故宫博物院：The Palace Museum
2．天坛：Altar of Heaven in Beijing
3．长城：the Great Wall
5．兵马俑：Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army
6．夫子庙：the Confucian Temple
7．中山陵：the Sun Yatsen Mausoleum
10．江南：South Regions of the Yangtze River
6．cause n.原因，起因 vt.促使，引起，使发生
23．separate v.使分开，使分离 adj.单独的，分开的
1．Chinese traditional culture中国传统文化
2．arouse one’s enthusiasm for激发某人对……的热情
4．attend a ceremony出席仪式
5．come into being形成；产生；出现
7．date back to/date from追溯到
8．follow a custom遵循习俗
10．in memory of为了纪念
11．in honour of为了纪念；为向……表示敬意
12．pass down from generation to generation一代一代传下来
13．have a great effect on 对……有很大的影响
14．contribute to the economic and culture development促进经济文化的发展
15．have a better understanding of对……有更好的理解
17．spread Chinese culture传播中国文化
19．make a brief introduction to对……作简单介绍
20．experience diverse Chinese culture体验多元的中国文化
1．Chinese Knot (中国结)
Chinese knot is a decorative handicraft art that began as a form of Chinese folk art, symbolizing good luck and prosperity.One major characteristic of Chinese knots is that all the knots are tied using one thread.They can come in a variety of colours such as gold, green, blue or black, though the most commonly used colour is red.There are many different shapes of Chinese knots, such as butterflies, flowers, birds, fish and so on.
2．New Year Picture (年画)
Chinese New Year picture is a traditional handicraft lasting for thousands of years.Chinese New Year picture features simplified lines, bright colours, and various subjects.There are pictures about mythology, historical stories, etc.It often impresses people with a lively atmosphere, embodying the Chinese people's great expectation for happiness and prosperity.
The art of papercutting, originated in China, has a long history and it is one of the most important types of Chinese folk art.It was listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists in 2009.Usually, the artworks are made of red paper and often used to decorate doors and windows.Normally papercutting artworks are used on festivals like the Spring Festival and weddings.Papercutting always symbolizes luck and happiness.
Kites were invented in China, whose history can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC～476 BC) and the Warring States Period (475 BC～221 BC)．The shapes of kites often imitate flying insects, birds and other animals.Kites have been used for military purposes in the past, such as sending messages.But later kiteflying has been an important outdoor activity which enjoys a large popularity.
5．Shadow Play (皮影戏)
Shadow play is a kind of folk play which uses character silhouettes made of hide or cardboard to tell stories.When acting, the artists stand behind the white curtain.Artists control opera characters, while the local popular tunes are sung above the story with percussion and the strings.It is widely circulated in the folk and has various genres.It is said that Chinese shadow play is the earliest form of film and is the basis of the original film.
6．Puppet Show (木偶戏)
As a form of folk art, Chinese puppet show has a long history and great local cultural characteristics.It was enlisted as a National Nonmaterial Cultural Heritage in 2006.It has various forms, such as string puppet and rod puppet, etc.
1．the Laba Festival (腊八节)
The Laba Festival falls on the eighth day of the twelfth month in the lunar calendar.It's a custom on this day to eat Laba porridge, usually stewed of at least eight ingredients.With rice as the main ingredient, this porridge may well contain ingredients like broad beans, red beans, mung beans, red dates, peanuts, chest nuts, both tasty and nutritious.
Apart from the porridge, there are also traditions of making Laba garlic in North China.The most important of Laba is that it marks the beginning of preparing for the Spring Festival.Laba is here, the Spring Festival is at the corner.
[特色词汇] ①除尘sweep the dust
2．the Spring Festival (春节)
The Spring Festival is the most important festival for Chinese.
During every spring Festival all the family members get together to celebrate the Chinese Lunar New Year.On the eve of the day, we often sit around the table to have a big dinner, and jiaozi is the most traditional food.In many places, people like to set off firecrackers and put up spring couplets on the door.Children like the festival very much, because they will receive lucky money for good fortune.
The Spring Festival is also a time Chinese look forward to all year around, because it is the happiest time, when we can enjoy the pure bliss of family reunion.
[特色词汇] ①放烟花set off fireworks
②贴春联put up/paste spring couplets
③剪纸/福/年画papercutting/Fu/ New Year paintings
④压岁钱/红包lucky money/red envelope
3．the MidAutumn Festival (中秋节)
Falling on the 15th day of the 8th month according to the Chinese lunar calendar, the MidAutumn Festival is the second important festival in China after the Spring Festival.The day is when the moon is at its roundest and brightest.On the festival day, family members gather to appreciate the bright full moon and eat mooncakes.
[特色词汇] ①合家团圆family reunion
②赏月admire/appreciate the moon
④皎洁的月光bright and clean moonlight
4．the Dragon Boat Festival/ Duanwu Festival (端午节)
The Dragon Boat Festival, also called the Duanwu Festival, falls on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month.It is a traditional holiday observed annually over 2，000 years in China in memory of Qu Yuan, an ancient Chinese patriotic poet.Dragon boat racing and eating Zongzi are the major customs of the festival.In some regions in China, people also wear a perfume pouch, tie fivecolor silk thread, hang mugwort leaves on their doors and drink realgar wine.
[特色词汇] ①袪病ward off disease
5．the Qingming Festival /Tomb Sweeping Day (清明节)
The Tomb Sweeping Day is a traditional festival of China, and is also the most important sacrifice festival.On that day, people worship ancestors and clean the tombs.It is one of the 24 Solar Terms, which means that it's good time for spring ploughing.The Tomb Sweeping Day falls around April fifth, and it's during the spring, so it is also called “hiking day”．People go to the suburbs for an outing in spring.People also love to fly kites during the festival.
[特色词汇] ①祭祖offer sacrifice to ancestors
②扫墓sweep the tomb
6．the Double Ninth Festival/Chong Yang Festival (重阳节)
The Chong Yang Festival falls on the ninth day of the ninth lunar month.Since nine is the largest single number, it is viewed as Senior Citizens' Day.Activities on this day include climbing mountains and admiring chrysanthemum flowers.The Double Ninth Festival is also a time for family gettogether.It is an occasion to show their love and concern for the elders and parents.
[特色词汇] ①登高climb mountains
②赏菊花enjoy/admire/appreciate chrysanthemum flowers
③老人senior citizens/the elders
7．the Lantern Festival (元宵节)
The Lantern Festival is observed on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, which also marks the end of the celebrations of the Chinese New Year.Traditionally, people eat sweet dumplings made of glutinous rice flour.Though customs vary from areas to areas in China, traditional activities include enjoying the display of various lanterns and guessing lantern riddles, as well as dragon and lion dances.
[特色词汇] ①家庭团聚family togetherness
②扭秧歌do the yangko
③踩高跷walk on stilts